Feral Pigeon - Columba livia
Feral/Rock Pigeon - Columba livia
The Feral pigeon is a wide spread, common urban pest bird.
They have short legs with level front and hind toes, which enable them to walk on flat surfaces as well as perch on branches.
- Mostly found in urban or suburban areas;
- Especially centre of larger cities and railway yards (rarely farmland);
- Prefer small flat areas away from the ground like protected ledges and rooftops;
- Popular nesting places includes: building ledges, bridge supports, air conditioning units and above windows.
- Mating pair has 3-4 broods per year;
- Female lays 2-3 eggs at a time;
- Eggs take 18 days to hatch;
- Fledglings leave nest after 35 days;
- Although they mostly build simple nests from a few stiff twigs, some will lay eggs directly on a protected ledge;
- They like to make nests in and on man made structures.
- "Uric acids in feces are highly corrosive;
- Feces cause damage to waterproofing of roofs causing leaks; feces damage paint work of automobiles with regular/long contact;
- Feces also damages air conditioning units and solar panels;
- Built up feces can lead to structural damage and blocked gutters;
- Degrading the aesthetics of potentially neat and beautiful buildings;
- Pigeons may cause a health risk when HACP standards are not met by food processing companies as a result of birds entering factories and warehouses: bird droppings damage and infest raw materials, products in process and finished goods;
- Nests near electrical points/lines or in chimneys are a great fire hazard;
- Bacteria, fungal agents and ectoparasites in droppings may be a health risk."