Eurasian Starling - Sturnus vulgaris

Summary:

This bird is usually seen in small family groups or in large flocks. These birds will eat almost anything, including farmland invertebrates (such as larvae, insects, earthworms, millipedes, snails, spiders) and berries, and garbage.

Habitat:

Mostly found on lawns, fields, and grasslands;

Settles down in nearby trees;

Also likes tall trees and buildings.

Breeding:

Nests in a hole in a wall or tree, inside ceilings and gutters.;

Nest made of grass and lined with other soft natural materials like feathers and moss;

Clutch: 3-6 eggs;

Nesting endures for about 20 days.

Damage:

Uric acids in feces are highly corrosive: Feces cause damage to waterproofing of roofs causing leaks; feces damage paint work of automobiles with regular/long contact; feces also damage air conditioning units and solar panels;

Degrading the aesthetics of potentially neat and beautiful buildings;

May cause a health risk when HACP standards are not met by food processing companies as a result of birds entering factories and warehouses: bird droppings damage and infest raw materials, products in-process, and finished goods;

Nests near electrical points/lines or in chimneys are a great fire hazard;

Bacteria, fungal agents, and ectoparasites in droppings may be a health risk;

Birds feeding off crops, especially various seeds and any crop with a high Brix (sugar content) cause losses for farmers/companies;

When they move in flocks the buildup of their feces has a great impact on buildings and trees;

Starlings raid orchards and vineyards for fruit when moving in a flock.

Control:

Closure of entry points

Bird Netting

Galvanized mesh closure

Bird Tape

Optical Bird Wax